1.  BATTLE OF HALDIGHATI

The Battle of Haldighati was a battle fought on 18 June 1576 between the armies of the Rana of Mewar, Maharana Pratap, and the Mughal emperor Akbar’s forces, led by Man Singh I of Amber. Although the battle ended in defeat for the forces of Mewar, Maharana Pratap escaped continuing his valiant resistance against the Mughal Empire.

PRELUDE THE THE BATTLE OF HALDIGHATI

The Rana (King) of Mewar, regarded as one of the strongest kings of the Rajput states, had fought a war with the Mughals which culminated in the Siege of Chittorgarh in 1568. The siege ended with the loss of a sizable portion of eastern Mewar to the Mughals. Upon his ascension to the Mughal throne, Akbar had embarked on a policy of conquest of the Rajputana region. Using a combination of diplomacy and brute force, many kingdoms of Rajputana submitted to Mughal overlordship except for Mewar.

When Maharana Pratap succeeded his father on the throne of Mewar, Emperor Akbar sent many diplomatic missions to convince Maharana Pratap to become a vassal of the Mughals. The purpose behind these diplomatic missions was to both conclude the ongoing Mughal-Rajput wars and gain access to the rest of Mewar, which would secure communication and supply lines to Gujarat, then a vibrant economic powerhouse of the Mughal Empire.

Akbar sent four emissaries to Maharana Pratap. Out of these, only Raja Bhagwant Das came close to succeeding in swaying Maharana Pratap. Initially,  Maharana Pratap had agreed to don a rob presented by Emperor Akbar and send his young son Amar Singh to the Mughal court. This was deemed unacceptable to Akbar as he wanted Maharana Pratap to submit in person.  Maharana Pratap outrightly refused to do so.  Another additional diplomatic mission under Raja Todar Mal also failed to yield any result. Thus with diplomacy having failed, the war was inevitable.

ARMY STRENGTH OF THE MUGHALS AND RAJUPTS

Although Mewari folklore tradition has put Maharana Pratap’s forces at 20,000 facing a Mughal Army of 80,000. However, modern historians give a figure of 5000-10,000 for the Mughal army while putting the Mewari forces at 3000 horsemen with 400 archers from the Bhil tribes from the kingdom of Merpur. Infantry figures for the same are unknown. Both sides possessed war elephants but the Rajputs had no firearms. The Mughals possessed muskets but fielded no heavy artillery.

Rana Pratap’s estimated 800-strong front line was commanded by Hakim Khan Sur with his Afghans, Bhim Singh of Dodia, and Ramdas Rathor (son of Jaimal Rathore, who defended Chittor). The right wing was approximately 500-strong and was led by Ramshah Tanwar, the erstwhile king of Gwalior, and his 3 sons, accompanied by minister Bhama Shah and his brother Tarachand.

The left wing is estimated to have fielded 400 warriors, including Bida Jhala and his clansmen of Jhala. Pratap, astride his horse, led some 1,300 soldiers in the centre. The Bhil bowmen brought up the rear. The Mughals placed a contingent of 85 skirmishers on the front line, led by Sayyid Hashim of Barha. They were followed by the vanguard, which comprised a complement of Kachhwa Rajputs led by Jagannath, and Central Asian Mughals led by Bakhshi Ali Asaf Khan.

A sizeable advance reserve led by Madho Singh Kachhwa came next, followed by Man Singh himself with the centre. Mulla Qazi Khan commanded the Mughal left wing.

EVENTS DURING THE BATTLE OF HALDIGHATI

 Maharana Pratap decided to set up his base at the town of Gogunda near Udaipur. Around 23 km north of Gogunda lay the village of Khamnor, separated from by a spur of the Aravalli Range. This range was called “Haldighati” for its rocks giving a yellowish colour that resembled turmeric (Haldi).  When crushed. Maharana Pratap hoped that the narrow pass of Hadlighati would help in negating his enemies’ superior numbers when the battle commenced. The battle commenced three hours after sunrise on 18 June 1576.

Maharana Pratap began a frontal assault committing all of his men to catch his enemies by surprise. The initial charge of his cavalry was successful in wreaking havoc on the Mughal left wing, which was forced to the relative safety of the Mughal right wing. Despite the withering assault of the Rajput forces, the right wing held firmly to bring enough time for Madho Singh’s advance reserves to enter the fray.

Soon the hardpressed Mughal vanguard was bolstered by the arrival of Madho Singh’s forces. With their arrival, the Mughal forces began to push the Mewari forces back and the battle devolved into conventional fighting as the Mewari cavalry charge had lost its momentum.

Maharana Pratap was in the thick of the fighting at the Mewari centre slaying many of his foes, although both Rajput and Mughal chroniclers allude to a duel by him and Man Singh, modern historians point out that Maharana Pratap fought against Madho Singh instead in a duel.

To break the deadlock Maharana Pratap sent in his elephants with the Mughals for doing the same. Although initially gaining the upper hand, the Mewari elephants were lost due to either death or injury of their mahouts from Mughal musketeers and archers.

The loss of the war elephants enabled the Mughals to press the Mewar forces from three sides and the tide of battle began to go against the Mewar forces. This led to many deaths of Rana’s commanders, dealing an additional blow to the army of Mewar. Mughal forces surrounded Maharana Pratap soon. Seeing this Bida Jhala seized the royal umbrella from his commander and charged at the Mughals claiming to be the Rana himself.

This act and the valiant sacrifice of about 350 of his soldiers allowed Maharana Pratap to beat a tactical retreat along with the half of his remaining army. Rajput valour and fear of ambush among the narrow passage of the hills meant that the Mughal Army could not pursue the remainder of the Mewari forces, ensuring that Maharana Pratap would continue his valiant resistance against the Mughals in the coming years.

According to historians such as Jadunath Sarkar and contemporary writers such as Abul Fazl, Emperor Akbar’s court chronicler, the Mewari army counted 46% of its total strength, or roughly 1,600 men, among the casualties. While 150 of the Mughals met their end, with another 350 wounded while the Mewar army lost 500 men.

THE AFTERMATH OF THE BATTLE OF HALDIGHATI

With Maharana Pratap able to make a successful escape, the battle failed to break the deadlock between the two powers. Subsequently, Akbar led a sustained campaign against the Rana, and soon, Goganda, Udaipur, and Kumbhalgarh were all under his control. The Mughals upon Rana’s allies and other Rajput chiefs exerted the pressure, and he was slowly but surely, both geographically and politically isolated.

The Mughals’ focus shifted to other parts of the empire after 1579, which allowed Rana Pratap to recover much of the lost territory in the western parts of his kingdom. Chittor and the rest of eastern Mewar continued to remain under Mughal control.

 BATTLE OF HAIFA

The Battle of Haifa was a decisive battle fought on 23 September 1918,, where the elements consisting mainly of Indian troops of the British Army engaged and defeated the forces of the Ottoman Empire and their German allies.

The battle was one of many during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I.

Background of the Battle of Haifa

With World War I in full swing since 1914, the Western front (the European theatre of war) was in a virtual stalemate with armies often staying put in their territories. On the other hand the Eastern front, near the Middle East, involved a static army actively moving to take as much as territory as quickly as possible.

The Ottoman Empire sought to defend, and in the process, expand its territory with a little assistance from the German Empire. Such an army was a German-led Ottoman expeditionary force-marching towards Egypt in order to seize the Suez Canal.

Taking the Suez Canal would cut off vital supply from British India, severely hampering allied efforts in other theatres of war. The Sinai and Palestine Campaign began in earnest when a German-led Ottoman force invaded the Sinai Peninsula in 1915, then part of the British Protectorate of Egypt to unsuccessfully raid the Suez Canal.

Following this several battle were fought in which the British managed to the retain most of their holdings. In January 1917, the newly formed Desert Column completed the recapture of the Sinai at the Battle of Rafa. Following the successful advance and virtual encirclement of the Ottoman Seventh and Eighth Armies in the Judean Hills with the captures of Afulah and Nazareth, the Yildirim Army Group general headquarters was out of communication with its three armies.

The capture of Haifa was essential for any further advances by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force since the roads leading to the port were little more than tracks and its capture was urgently required for landing supplies.

Events of the Battle of Haifa

The 5th Cavalry Division were formed with three brigades, two of them composed of one British yeomanry regiment, and two British Indian Army cavalry regiments; one of which was usually lancers. The division’s third brigade was the 15th (Imperial Service) Cavalry Brigade, normally comprising three cavalry regiments from the Indian Princely States of Jodhpur, Mysore and Hyderabad.

On 23 September 1918, the 15th (Imperial Service) Cavalry Brigade was ordered to capture Haifa. The area between the Nahr al-Muqaṭṭaʿ, also known as the Kishon River, and the slopes of Mount Carmel was well defended by Ottoman gun emplacements and artillery. The brigade’s Jodhpur Lancers were tasked to capture this position, while the Mysore Lancers moved around to attack the town from the east and north.

A squadron of the Mysore Lancers and a squadron of the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry, supported by B Battery, Honourable Artillery Company, attacked the Austrian battery of light field guns on the slopes of Mount Carmel at 14:00 hours.

3. BATTLE OF DHOLPUR

 Battle of Dholpur was fought between Kingdom of Mewar under Rana Sanga and Lodi dynasty under Ibrahim Lodi. Rana Sanga defeated Ibrahim Lodi in Dholpur after defeating Lodi in battle of Khatoli.

Ibrahim Lodi was seething because of his defeat at the Battle of Khatoli at the hands of Rana Sanga. To avenge it, he made great preparations and moved against Rana Sanga. The Rajput armies were stretched because of conflicts with the Sultans of Malwa and GujaratIbrahim Lodi was keen on taking advantage of this situation to crush the Rajputs. In hot action fought near Dholpur, the Rajputs, as in the earlier action, made a furious charge. “Under its momentum, The Lodi army scattered like dead leaves caught in a gale”. Ibrahim Lodi was once again humbled and Rana Sanga followed this victory by conquering most of present-day Rajasthan.

BATTLE

When Ibrahim Lodi’s army reached Rana Sanga’s territory, the Maharana quickly advanced with his Rajputs. As the two armies came in sight of each other near Dholpur, Mian Makhan made dispositions for the battle. Said Khan Furat and Haji Khan were placed on the right, Daulat Khan commanded the center; Allahdad Khan and Yusuf Khan were placed on the left. The army of Ibrahim Lodi was fully prepared to give the Maharana a warm reception.

The Rajputs started the battle with a cavalry charge, which was personally led by Rana Sanga, his cavalry with their accustomed valour, advanced and fell on the army of Ibrahim Lodi, and in a short time put the enemy to flight. “Many brave and worthy men were made martyrs and the others were scattered”. The Rajputs pushed the army of Ibrahim Lodi up to Bayana.

Hussain Khan taunted his fellow nobles from Delhi: “It is a hundred pities that 30,000 horsemen should have been defeated by so few Hindus.”

AFTERMATH

By this victory, each part of Malwa which had been usurped by Muhammad Shah (Sahib Khan), younger brother of Sultan Mahmud Khilji II of Mandu, during his rebellion against his brother, and had subsequently been taken possession of by Sultan Sikander Lodi, father of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, now fell into the hands of the Maharana of Mewar, Rana Sanga. Chanderi was one of the many places which fell into the hands of the Maharana, who then bestowed it on Medini Rai as a gift.

BATTLE OF SARANGPUR

 

The Battle of Sarangpur was fought between Rana Kumbha and Sultan Mahmud Khilji.  Mahpa Panwar, who was one of the assassins of Rana Mokal, was sheltered by the Sultan of Mandu.  A demand for this person was made by Rana Kumbha, but Mahmud Khilji refused to surrender the refugee. The Rana prepared for hostilities and advanced to attack Mandu. The Sultan advanced with a powerful army to meet Kumbha.

BATTLE

The two armies met in A.D. 1437 and after a severe engagement, the Sultan’s army was utterly routed. The Sultan fled to the refuge of his fort of Mandu. The Rana’s army followed up the victory and laid siege to Mandu. When the Sultan was hard pressed, he told Mahpa Panwar that he could keep him no longer. Mahpa thus fled to Gujarat. Kumbha stormed and took the fort. Ranmal‘s forces captured Sultan Mahmud Khilji, his army fleeing in all directions. The Rana returned to Chittor bringing the Sultan captive with him.

AFTERMATH

To commemorate this great victory, Rana Kumbha built the great Vijay Stambha(Tower of Victory) in the fortress of Chittor. Before, however, this tower was completed the Rana had to face and vanquish the combination of the two most powerful kingdoms in India at the time, those of Gujarat and Malwa, these glorious events are inscribed on the celebrated tower. Sultan Mahmud Khilji remained a prisoner in Chittor for a period of six months, after which he was liberated without ransom by Rana Kumbha.

5. BATTLE OF SARAGARHI

Saragarhi is a small village in the Kohat District now in Pakistan. On 20th April 1894, a Sikh Battalion composed of Jat Sikhs was created under the command of Colonel J. Cook. Five companies of this regiment were sent to northwest frontier under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John Haughton. They were stationed among other places at Saragarhi. This post was situated at a rocky place. There were only a few houses and signaling tower.

Afghans revolted in 1897.  Between 27 August and 11 September, Pashtu’s tried to capture the forts.  Sikhs stationed there repulsed them.  On 3rd and 9th September 1897, Afridis and Afghans attacked nearby forts of Gulistan and Lockhart. In view of these attacks, Saragarhi was reinforced by increasing its strength to three NCO and 18 other ranks.

The Battle of Saragarhi was fought   on 12th September 1897. Afghans numbered around 20000 Orakzai and Afridi tribesmen. They attacked the Saragarhi and surrounded the Post.   21 Sikh soldiers led by Havildar Ishwar Singh fought to the last.  British later recaptured the Fort after two days. Battle details of Saragarh are available in fairly details and are presumed to be quite correct.

On September 12, 1897, about six to eight thousand Afghans barracked the Saragarhi post. Sepoy Gurmukh Singh signaled to Colonel Haughton stationed at Fort Lockhart that they are under attack.  Haughton expressed his inability to send the immediate help. The Sikh solders at Saragarhi decided to fight to the last. Sepoy Bhagwan Singh was the first solder to be killed.  Naik Lal Singh was seriously wounded. The Afghans were successful in breaking a portion of the wall of the Saragarhi Post. Haughton signaled that there may be afoot 10 to 14 thousand Pashtuns attacking the saragarhi.

The Pashtuns asked the Sikhs at Saragarhi to surrender. They refused. Pakhtuns made determined attempts to open gate the but were unsuccessful. However,  later the wall gave way.  Thereafter, fiercest hand-to-hand fighting occurs. Havildar Ishar Singh ordered his men to go into the inner circle while he himself remained there to cover the withdrawl. In the process,all defending soldiers were killed except one. In this fight many Pashtuns were also killed.

The last soldier alive was Sepoy Gurmkukh Singh, who was signalling the battle details to Haughton. He sought permission to pick up his rifle. On receiving the go ahead, he held the door of his signalling shack and started firing. He killed 40 enemy   Pashtuns set fire to the post and killed him. While dying, he was continuously shouting Bole So Nihal, Satsri Akal.

Indian Order of Merit (The highest gallantry award at that time) was conferred upon all the 21 soldiers posthumously involved in the battle.  The 4th battalion of the Sikh Regiment celebrates the 12th September as Saragarhi Day every year.

British deliberately issued old generation weapons to Indian soldiers compared to their British counterparts. This was to prevent any further insurgencies or uprisings by the Indian Troops. The Afgans had lastest weapons available at that time. Even with these outdated weapons, Sikhs fought bravely and all sacrificed their lives.

 The names of the 21 Sikh soldiers were:

  1. HavaldarIshar Singh (regimental number 165)
  2. NaikLal Singh (332)
  3. Lance Naik Chanda Singh (546)
  4. Sepoy Sundar Singh (1321)
  5. Sepoy Ramm Singh (287)
  6. Sepoy Uttar Singh (492)
  7. Sepoy Sahib Singh (182)
  8. Sepoy Hira Singh (359)
  9. Sepoy Daya Singh (687)
  10. Sepoy Jivan Singh (760)
  11. Sepoy Bhola Singh (791)
  12. Sepoy Narayan Singh (834)
  13. Sepoy Gurmukh Singh (814)
  14. Sepoy Jivan Singh (871)
  15. Sepoy Gurmukh Singh (1733)
  16. Sepoy Ram Singh (163)
  17. Sepoy Bhagwan Singh (1257)
  18. Sepoy Bhagwan Singh (1265)
  19. Sepoy Buta Singh (1556)
  20. Sepoy Jivan Singh (1651)
  21. Sepoy Nand Singh (1221)

After destroying Saragarhi, the Afghans turned their attention to Fort Gulistan. However, it was too late.  Reinforcements arrived on the night of 13–14 September before they could take over the fort. The Pashtuns later admitted that they had lost about 180 killed and many more wounded during the war against the 21 Sikh soldiers. Some 600 bodies are said to have been seen around the ruined post when the relief party arrived   The total casualties in the entire campaign, including the Battle of Saragarhi, numbered at around 4,800.

झाँसी की रानी
सुभद्रा कुमारी चौहान

सिंहासन हिल उठे राजवंशों ने भृकुटी तानी थी,
बूढ़े भारत में आई फिर से नयी जवानी थी,
गुमी हुई आज़ादी की कीमत सबने पहचानी थी,
दूर फिरंगी को करने की सबने मन में ठानी थी।
चमक उठी सन सत्तावन में, वह तलवार पुरानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

कानपूर के नाना की, मुँहबोली बहन छबीली थी,
लक्ष्मीबाई नाम, पिता की वह संतान अकेली थी,
नाना के सँग पढ़ती थी वह, नाना के सँग खेली थी,
बरछी ढाल, कृपाण, कटारी उसकी यही सहेली थी।
वीर शिवाजी की गाथायें उसकी याद ज़बानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

लक्ष्मी थी या दुर्गा थी वह स्वयं वीरता की अवतार,
देख मराठे पुलकित होते उसकी तलवारों के वार,
नकली युद्ध-व्यूह की रचना और खेलना खूब शिकार,
सैन्य घेरना, दुर्ग तोड़ना ये थे उसके प्रिय खिलवार।
महाराष्टर-कुल-देवी उसकी भी आराध्य भवानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

हुई वीरता की वैभव के साथ सगाई झाँसी में,
ब्याह हुआ रानी बन आई लक्ष्मीबाई झाँसी में,
राजमहल में बजी बधाई खुशियाँ छाई झाँसी में,
चित्रा ने अर्जुन को पाया, शिव से मिली भवानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

उदित हुआ सौभाग्य, मुदित महलों में उजियाली छाई,
किंतु कालगति चुपके-चुपके काली घटा घेर लाई,
तीर चलाने वाले कर में उसे चूड़ियाँ कब भाई,
रानी विधवा हुई, हाय! विधि को भी नहीं दया आई।
निसंतान मरे राजाजी रानी शोक-समानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

बुझा दीप झाँसी का तब डलहौज़ी मन में हरषाया,
राज्य हड़प करने का उसने यह अच्छा अवसर पाया,
फ़ौरन फौजें भेज दुर्ग पर अपना झंडा फहराया,
लावारिस का वारिस बनकर ब्रिटिश राज्य झाँसी आया।
अश्रुपूर्णा रानी ने देखा झाँसी हुई बिरानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

अनुनय विनय नहीं सुनती है, विकट शासकों की माया,
व्यापारी बन दया चाहता था जब यह भारत आया,
डलहौज़ी ने पैर पसारे, अब तो पलट गई काया,
राजाओं नव्वाबों को भी उसने पैरों ठुकराया।
रानी दासी बनी, बनी यह दासी अब महरानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

छिनी राजधानी दिल्ली की, लखनऊ छीना बातों-बात,
कैद पेशवा था बिठुर में, हुआ नागपुर का भी घात,
उदैपुर, तंजौर, सतारा, करनाटक की कौन बिसात?
जबकि सिंध, पंजाब ब्रह्म पर अभी हुआ था वज्र-निपात।
बंगाले, मद्रास आदि की भी तो वही कहानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

रानी रोयीं रिनवासों में, बेगम ग़म से थीं बेज़ार,
उनके गहने कपड़े बिकते थे कलकत्ते के बाज़ार,
सरे आम नीलाम छापते थे अंग्रेज़ों के अखबार,
‘नागपूर के ज़ेवर ले लो लखनऊ के लो नौलख हार’।
यों परदे की इज़्ज़त परदेशी के हाथ बिकानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

कुटियों में भी विषम वेदना, महलों में आहत अपमान,
वीर सैनिकों के मन में था अपने पुरखों का अभिमान,
नाना धुंधूपंत पेशवा जुटा रहा था सब सामान,
बहिन छबीली ने रण-चण्डी का कर दिया प्रकट आहवान।
हुआ यज्ञ प्रारम्भ उन्हें तो सोई ज्योति जगानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

महलों ने दी आग, झोंपड़ी ने ज्वाला सुलगाई थी,
यह स्वतंत्रता की चिनगारी अंतरतम से आई थी,
झाँसी चेती, दिल्ली चेती, लखनऊ लपटें छाई थी,
मेरठ, कानपूर, पटना ने भारी धूम मचाई थी,
जबलपूर, कोल्हापूर में भी कुछ हलचल उकसानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

इस स्वतंत्रता महायज्ञ में कई वीरवर आए काम,
नाना धुंधूपंत, ताँतिया, चतुर अज़ीमुल्ला सरनाम,
अहमदशाह मौलवी, ठाकुर कुँवरसिंह सैनिक अभिराम,
भारत के इतिहास गगन में अमर रहेंगे जिनके नाम।
लेकिन आज जुर्म कहलाती उनकी जो कुरबानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

इनकी गाथा छोड़, चले हम झाँसी के मैदानों में,
जहाँ खड़ी है लक्ष्मीबाई मर्द बनी मर्दानों में,
लेफ्टिनेंट वाकर आ पहुँचा, आगे बड़ा जवानों में,
रानी ने तलवार खींच ली, हुया द्वन्द्ध असमानों में।
ज़ख्मी होकर वाकर भागा, उसे अजब हैरानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

रानी बढ़ी कालपी आई, कर सौ मील निरंतर पार,
घोड़ा थक कर गिरा भूमि पर गया स्वर्ग तत्काल सिधार,
यमुना तट पर अंग्रेज़ों ने फिर खाई रानी से हार,
विजयी रानी आगे चल दी, किया ग्वालियर पर अधिकार।
अंग्रेज़ों के मित्र सिंधिया ने छोड़ी रजधानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

विजय मिली, पर अंग्रेज़ों की फिर सेना घिर आई थी,
अबके जनरल स्मिथ सम्मुख था, उसने मुहँ की खाई थी,
काना और मंदरा सखियाँ रानी के संग आई थी,
युद्ध श्रेत्र में उन दोनों ने भारी मार मचाई थी।
पर पीछे ह्यूरोज़ आ गया, हाय! घिरी अब रानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।


तो भी रानी मार काट कर चलती बनी सैन्य के पार,
किन्तु सामने नाला आया, था वह संकट विषम अपार,
घोड़ा अड़ा, नया घोड़ा था, इतने में आ गये अवार,
रानी एक, शत्रु बहुतेरे, होने लगे वार-पर-वार।
घायल होकर गिरी सिंहनी उसे वीर गति पानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

रानी गई सिधार चिता अब उसकी दिव्य सवारी थी,
मिला तेज से तेज, तेज की वह सच्ची अधिकारी थी,
अभी उम्र कुल तेइस की थी, मनुज नहीं अवतारी थी,
हमको जीवित करने आयी बन स्वतंत्रता-नारी थी,
दिखा गई पथ, सिखा गई हमको जो सीख सिखानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

जाओ रानी याद रखेंगे ये कृतज्ञ भारतवासी,
यह तेरा बलिदान जगावेगा स्वतंत्रता अविनासी,
होवे चुप इतिहास, लगे सच्चाई को चाहे फाँसी,
हो मदमाती विजय, मिटा दे गोलों से चाहे झाँसी।
तेरा स्मारक तू ही होगी, तू खुद अमिट निशानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

By: सुभद्रा कुमारी चौहान

THE CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRIGADE 

ALFRED LORD TENNYSON – 1809-1892

                        Half a league, half a league, Half a league onward,
                        All in the valley of Death, Rode the six hundred.
                        “Forward, the Light Brigade! Charge for the guns!” he said:
                        Into the valley of Death, Rode the six hundred.

                        “Forward,  the Light Brigade!” Was there a man dismay’d?
                        Not tho’ the soldier knew,  Some one had blunder’d:
                        Theirs not to make reply, Theirs not to reason why,
                        Theirs but to do and die:Into the valley of Death
                        Rode the six hundred.

                        Cannon to right of them, Cannon to left of them,
                        Cannon in front of them, Volley’d and thunder’d;
                        Storm’d at with shot and shell, Boldly they rode and well,
                        Into the jaws of Death, Into the mouth of Hell
                        Rode the six hundred.

                        Flash’d all their sabres bare, Flash’d as they turn’d in air
                        Sabring the gunners there, Charging an army, while
                        All the world wonder’d: Plunged in the battery-smoke
                        Right thro’ the line they broke; Cossack and Russian
                        Reel’d from the sabre-stroke, Shatter’d and sunder’d.
                        Then they rode back, but not Not the six hundred.

                        Cannon to right of them,Cannon to left of them,
                        Cannon behind them, Volley’d and thunder’d;
                        Storm’d at with shot and shell, While horse and hero fell,
                        They that had fought so well, Came thro’ the jaws of Death,
                        Back from the mouth of Hell, Honor the charge they made!
                        Honor the Light Brigade, Noble six hundred!